The International Court of Justice (ICJ) has stayed the execution of Indian national Kulbhushan Jadhav, who was accused of spying by Pakistan and had been sentenced to death by a military court there.
Here is everything you should know about Kulbhushan Jadhav:
1. Kulbhushan Jadhav was born on April 16, 1970 at Sangli city in Maharashtra. His father Sudhir Jadhav served as a Mumbai Police officer. His mother’s name is Avanti Jadhav.
2. His present family, including his wife and two children are settled at Powai in Mumbai.
3. As per Pakistani media, Kulbhushan Jadhav joined the National Defence Academy of India in 1987.
4. India acknowledged that Kulbhushan Jadhav was commissioned in the Indian Navy (engineering branch) in 1991.
5. However, refuting Pakistan’s allegations, India denied that Kulbhushan Jadhav was assigned as a spy for its intelligence agency – the Research and Analysis Wing (RAW) – post the 2001 Parliament attack by alleged Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) and Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) terrorists.
6. Meanwhile, Pakistan alleged that Kulbhushan Jadhav set up a small business at Chabahar city in Iran and hiding his actual identity, made several undetected visits to Pakistan to gather “information”, though his activities were mostly restricted to Karachi and Balochistan.
7. The Pakistan government confirmed Kulbhushan Jadhav was arrested on March 3, 2016 from Mashkel in Balochistan while he was allegedly trying to illegally enter Pakistan via Iran.
8. However, India said Kulbhushan Jadhav took voluntary retirement from the Indian Navy.
The Indian government also alleged that he was possibly abducted from Iran by Pakistani forces and that his documents were fabricated by them.
9. Kulbhushan Jadhav was taken to Islamabad for interrogation, post which, Balochistan Interior Minister Sarfraz Bugti said the RAW agent was funding and giving Baloch separatists naval combat training to attempt an attack on Gwadar and Karachi ports.
10. The Pakistani authorities claimed Kulbhushan Jadhav had admitted to his involvement in the subversive activities inside the country.
11. The Indian High Commission had sought consular access to Jadhav but Pakistan denied.
12. A Field General Court Martial (FGCM) in Pakistan sentenced Jadhav to death on April 10, 2017 after he was convicted for spying for India, waging war against Pakistan, sponsoring terrorism, and destabilising the country.
13. Following his sentencing, the Indian government summoned Pakistani High Commissioner to India, Abdul Basit, and issued a demarche stating the proceedings were farcical and that India would regard Jadhav’s execution as murder in the first degree.
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14. On April 11, 2017, Minister of Home Affairs Rajnath Singh issued a statement in the Parliament of India reiterating that Jadhav was abducted by Pakistani forces from Iran and that he was forcefully put on trial as a RAW agent.
15. External Affairs Minister Sushma Swaraj said there is no evidence against Jadhav and that is sentencing is “premeditated murder”. She said if Jadhav’s death sentence is executed, Pakistan’s bilateral relationship with India will face dire consequences.
16. India had approached the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague, Netherlands, against Pakistan’s sentencing of Jadhav.
17. The ICJ stayed his sentencing late on May 9.
Sreya is based in Kolkata. She is a Senior Editor of Big Wire.