Crime

Rape cases on the rise: NCRB report highlights

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Rape cases, IndiaRape cases in India have increased 12.4% within one year, says the National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB).

The National Crime Records Bureau (NCRB) on Thursday (Nov 30) released its latest report “Crime in India – 2016” where the survey included 19 metropolitan cities.

Highlights of the NCRB report:

1. Rape cases have reported increase of 12.4% from 34,651 cases in 2015 to 38,947 in 2016. Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh reported the highest incidence of rape with 4,882 cases (12.5%) and 4,816 (12.4%) followed by Maharashtra 4,189 (10.7%) during 2016.

2. Uttar Pradesh reported 14.5% (49,262) of total cases of crimes against women followed by West Bengal (9.6%) (32,513 cases) during 2016. Delhi UT reported the highest crime rate (160.4) compared to the national average rate of 55.2.

3. Cases under Crime Against Women have reported increase of 2.9% in 2016 over 2015. Majority of cases under crimes against women were reported under ‘Cruelty by Husband or His Relatives’ (32.6%) followed by ‘Assault on Women with Intent to Outrage her Modesty’ (25.0%), ‘Kidnaping & Abduction of Women’ (19.0%) and ‘Rape’ (11.5%).

4. Uttar Pradesh (4,889 cases) reported the highest number of cases of murder accounting for 16.1% followed by Bihar 2,581 (8.4%) cases during 2016.

5. Cases of Kidnapping and Abduction have shown an increasing trend with the increase of 6% in 2016 (88,008) over 2015 (82,999).

6. Crime Against Children have shown increasing trend over the past 3 years with the significant increase of 13.6% (1,06,958) in 2016 over (94,172) 2015.

Kidnapping and Abduction of Children accounted for 52.3% of the cases followed by Cases Reported under POCSO i.e. 34.4%.

7. Cases reported under “Juveniles in Conflict with Law” have shown a mixed trend for the past three years with the decline of 13.1% in 2015 (33,433) over 2014 (38,455) followed by an increase of 7.2% in 2016 (35,849) over 2015.

8. 20.6% (7,369) of cases under juveniles in conflict with law were reported in Madhya Pradesh followed by 18.4% in Maharashtra (6,606) during 2016.

9. Atrocities/Crime Against Scheduled Castes have increased by 5.5% in 2016 (40,801) over 2015 (38,670).

10. Uttar Pradesh (10,426 cases) reported the highest number of cases of atrocities against Scheduled Castes (SCs) accounting for 25.6% followed by Bihar with 14% (5,701) and Rajasthan with 12.6% (5,134) during 2016.

11. Atrocities/Crime Against Scheduled Tribes have increased by 4.7% in 2016 (6,568) over 2015 (6,276).

12. Madhya Pradesh (1,823 cases) reported the highest number of cases of atrocities against Scheduled Tribes (STs) accounting for 27.8% followed by Rajasthan with 18.2% (1,195 cases) and Odisha with 10.4% (681 cases) during 2016.

13. The incidence of Cyber Crime has shown an increasing trend by 6.3% increase in 2016 (12,317) over 2015 (11,592).

14. Uttar Pradesh (2,639 cases) reported the highest number of cases of Cyber Crimes accounting for 21.4% followed by Maharashtra with 19.3% (2,380 cases) and Karnataka with 8.9% (1101 cases) during 2016.

15. Delhi UT reported maximum number of cases (1,30,928 cases) followed by Maharashtra (59,097 cases) and Uttar Pradesh (56,550 cases) accounting for 26.5%, 11.9% and 11.4% of total theft cases respectively.

16. During 2016, out of total theft (4,94,404 cases), 2,13,765 cases (43.2%) were auto theft cases of which Delhi UT (38,644 cases) has reported maximum auto theft cases followed by Uttar Pradesh (34,480 cases) and Maharashtra (22,435 cases).

17. A total of 8,132 cases of Human Trafficking were reported in the country with West Bengal reporting the highest number of cases (3,579) sharing nearly 44% followed by Rajasthan (1,422) sharing 17.9% of such cases in the country. However, a total of 15,379 persons were trafficked during the year including 58.7% children.

18. A total of 5,49,008 persons (2,34,334 males and 3,14,674 females) were reported missing in 2016 of which maximum persons missing were reported from Maharashtra 17.2% (94,919 persons) during 2016.

A total of 2,29,381 persons (1,39,858 males and 89,523 females) were traced at the end of the year (including previous year) in the country.

19. A total of 1,11,569 children (41,175 males and 70,394 females) were reported missing in which maximum children missing were reported from West Bengal (15.1%) during 2016. A total of 55,944 children were traced at the end of the year (including previous year) in the country.

20. Delhi City accounted for 38.8% of total IPC crime reported in the cities followed by Bengaluru (8.9%) and Mumbai (7.7%).

21. Chennai has reported highest number of cases of SLL crimes, accounting for 32.9% of total SLL crimes reported amongst 19 metropolitan cities followed by Kochi (12.9%) and Surat (12.6%) during 2016.

22. Delhi (5,453 cases) reported the highest number of cases of kidnapping & abduction accounting (48.3%) followed by Mumbai with 16.6% (1,876 cases) and Bengaluru with 7.8% (879 cases) during 2016.

23. Delhi City reported 21.8%, the highest number of Murder cases (479 out of 2194) followed by Bengaluru 10.4% (229 cases) and Patna 8.9% (195 cases).

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24.
Delhi reported 33.0% (13,803 out of 41,761cases) of total cases of crimes against women followed by Mumbai (12.3%) (5,128 cases) during 2016. Delhi reported the highest crime rate (182.1) compared to the national average rate of 77.2.

25. Delhi City reported nearly 40% of Rape Cases and nearly 29% each of Cruelty by Husband and his relatives and Dowry Deaths.

26. Delhi (5,942 cases) has reported the maximum number of cases under economic offences accounting for 19.3% followed by Jaipur (4,742cases) and Mumbai (4,191 cases) accounting for 15.4% and 13.6% during 2016 respectively.

27. Mumbai (980 cases out of 4172 cases) has reported maximum number of cases under cyber-crime accounting to 23.5% during 2016.

Big Wire

Sreya Basu

Sreya is based in Kolkata. She is a Senior Editor of Big Wire.

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