Governance

GOBAR-Dhan: Cattle dung to make farmers rich

GOBAR-Dhan: Cattle dung to make farmers rich
Prime Minister Narendra Modi has launched a new scheme called GOBAR-Dhan where farmers can mint money, as well as maintain cleanliness in their villages.

Under the GOBAR-Dhan scheme, cattle dung and solid agricultural waste will be converted to compost and bio-gas.

Here is everything you need to know about GOBAR-Dhan scheme:

1. The GOBAR-Dhan scheme was launched under Swachh Bharat Mission on Apr 30 to promote energy from waste and wealth for farmers.

2. Union Drinking Water and Sanitation Minister Uma Bharti launched the GOBAR (Galvanizing Organic Bio-Agro Resources)-Dhan scheme at the National Dairy Research Institute (NDRI) Auditorium, Karnal in the presence of Haryana Chief Minister Manohar Lal Khattar.

3. The scheme aims to positively impact village cleanliness and generate wealth and energy from cattle and organic waste.

4. The scheme also aims at creating new rural livelihood opportunities and enhancing income for farmers and other rural people.

5. According to government data, there are about 30 crore cattle across India and about 30 lakh tonnes of cattle dung is produced daily, which can be a rich source of bio-gas and manure.

6. The scheme envisages the implementation of 700 bio-gas units in different states of the country in 2018-19.

7. Haryana will be the first state where the GOBAR-Dhan scheme will be rolling out. The government plans to roll out the scheme across 350 districts of Haryana in the first phase and the rest during the second phase.

8. The Swachh Bharat Mission (Gramin) comprises two main components for creating clean villages – creating open defecation free (ODF) villages and managing solid and liquid waste in villages.

9. With over 3.5 lakh villages, 374 districts and 16 States/Union Territories (UTs) of the country being declared ODF, the government feels that the stage is set for ODF-plus activities, including measures to enhance solid and liquid waste management.

10. The GOBAR-Dhan scheme, with its focus on keeping villages clean, increasing the income of rural households, and generation of energy from cattle waste, is an important element of this ODF-plus strategy.

Big Wire

Sreya Basu

Sreya is based in Kolkata. She is a Senior Editor of Big Wire.

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