Categories: Crime

School drop-out aggravates child marriage scenario

Silimi is a remote village in Gudari block of Rayagada district in Odisha. There are 65 households in this Dalit…

Reading Time: 3 minutes


Silimi is a remote village in Gudari block of Rayagada district in Odisha. There are 65 households in this Dalit hamlet. A discussion on the issue of child marriage on any day could witness 30 child brides before any meeting. Most of the child brides have one or two kids in their laps. Most of them had never enrolled in schools whereas few were school dropped out.

Complicacy during pregnancy due to child marriage already took six lives during last two years in the village.

A senior lady on a corner told that there was no way out!

Pointing finger towards a 14 years girl, the lady said my daughter passed out 8th standard this year.

The lady said her daughter had a strong desire to continue her education but not been possible for her drunkard father who was unemployed.

“Our condition is such that we are forced to stay in a polythene roofed house,” the lady said.

She questioned in such a condition from where she could arrange the fee for her daughter’s admission to the next class.

This would force her daughter out of schools which could eventually lead to elopement or forced marriage.

In reality – this is not a standalone example. There are many such instances in a state like Odisha.

In Odisha, Malkangiri, Nabarangpur, Koraput, and Rayagada are child marriage prone districts that have a higher percentage than the national percentage.

Around 27 % girl child is getting married before the legal age in India, according to the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) – 4.

In the above-mentioned districts, the percentage level for child marriage stood at 39%, 38%, 35% and 34% respectively. The national survey also said around 12% in Malkangiri, 11% in Nabarangpur, 14.5% in Koraput and 13% in Rayagada that girl children complete 10 or more years of formal schooling.

As reflected in Census 2011, the percentage of child marriage is 52% in case of the girl child dropped out within 5 years of schooling, whereas the drop out for girl children level was reduced to 30 % in case they continue 9 years of schooling.

For those who have completed 10 years of schooling, the percentage of child marriage is further reduced to 9.3%.

These facts established education as one among the prime factors in child marriage.

The RTE Act provides scopes for a free and compulsory education up to the age of 14. But due to apathetic attitude – it is not being implemented with letter and spirit.

The School and Mass Education Department is yet to bring clarity to the status of out of school children.

Ensuring education at least up to the age of 18 will capacitate the individual to explore her dream and build the courage to bargain for her life. The ability to freedom of expression will strengthen the adolescents and youth to say ‘NO to Child Marriage’.

The writer is a development worker based in Odisha. He may be contacted at 9438341794 or over mail at ghasirampanda@gmail.com

<a href="http://bigwire.in/author/ghasiram-panda/amp/" title="Posts by Ghasiram Panda" class="author url fn" rel="author">Ghasiram Panda</a>

The writer is a development worker based in Odisha. He may be contacted at 9438341794 or over mail at ghasirampanda@gmail.com

Share
Published by
<a href="http://bigwire.in/author/ghasiram-panda/amp/" title="Posts by Ghasiram Panda" class="author url fn" rel="author">Ghasiram Panda</a>
Tags: Featured

Recent Posts

Renting Instead of Buying a Home? Take a Deep Breath

The Government's much-touted aim to deliver Housing for All by 2022 may not have met with spectacular success in terms…

3 weeks ago

Retail Real Estate – Review of 2018 and Predictions for 2019

Besides commercial office spaces, the retail sector also emerged as one of the most vibrant and fast-paced real estate sectors…

1 month ago

The Highs and Lows of Indian Real Estate in 2018

Year 2018 was a veritable roller-coaster ride for the Indian real estate. Despite signs of recovery across segments, the liquidity…

1 month ago

Are driverless cars a threat or benefit for our society?

Driverless cars: The new sensation in both the tech and transport sectors. The cars are not yet here with us…

1 month ago

RFIS checks mass exodus from Nuapada

The young farmer has been receiving crop-based advice from RFIS and weather alerts on his mobile phone since 2015 and…

1 month ago

Luxury Losing the Plot to Affordable Housing?

Catering to a very niche clientele and not the masses, luxury housing has evolved at a rapid pace in India.…

2 months ago